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WiFi in Bulgaria

Internet Providers, fees & available speedsin Bulgaria

Bulgaria – Telephone & Internet
Guide Forums Articles

Internet in Bulgaria

Currently, Bulgarian Internet speed is one of the fastest in the world. However, the access to the highest speed possible depends on several factors – location, coverage etc.

Access providers
Blizoo: (only in Bulgarian)
Bulsatcom: (only in Bulgarian)

(There are many more local providers, but these are the biggest ones that operate nationally.)

Fiber-optic cable connecting and ADSL connections are the most popular choices for Bulgarians when it comes to Internet access. Since it is usually combined with other types of service (land line, cable or digital television), there can be additional monthly fees, but they would rarely be over 50-60 levs (25-35 euros) per month for a private client. The prices of ADSL and fibre-optic cable connections differ slightly, starting at approximately 12-15 levs (6.5-8 euros) for a 12-15Mbps connection and not exceeding 60 levs (30-35 euros) for a 100Mbps connection.

It is becoming rather usual for installation to be free of charge. Also, a customer may be given a free Wi-Fi router if they agree to sign a contract for a certain period (usually 1 or 2 years).

In most big cities the number of Wi-Fi hotspots is growing and it is cheaper and more convenient to go to an Internet club/cafe rather than to use a pre-paid dial-up card (which can also be hard to find, since there is very little demand for it).

Connecting to the Internet from a mobile phone is becoming more popular, although it is still rather expensive and slow. If you have cable TV you can also obtain Internet access via the cable TV connection. Fibre-optic cable connections are offered at prices slightly cheaper than those of the ADSL connection.

Broadband in Burgaria

There are three types of broadband connection available:

an asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL)
an integrated services digital network (ISDN) line
mobile broadband connection
The advantages of ADSL include much faster speeds than a dial-up Internet connection, the ability to use your phone while on the internet and a much simpler installation process than ISDN (ADSL only requires you to plug an ADSL adaptor into a phone socket, while ISDN requires an engineer to install new plugs).

ISDN is used mostly by businesses that need their own (internal) network and can become quite expensive for private customers, especially when Bulgarian telecommunication companies now offer affordable prices for a good Wi-Fi connection. Even though Bulgaria took one of the last places in the EU for mobile broadband usage in 2011, this market seems to be rapidly growing, since mobile broadband use has doubled since 2010.

High speed Internet connection via satellite is also available but it is quite expensive with monthly charges ranging between 22 and 90 euros and over 500 euros in equipment, installation and activation fees.

Telecommunications standards in Bulgaria are the same as those in the EU, so if your modem works in Europe or has a ‘CE’ mark it should work in Bulgaria. If you have an ISDN line and want your computer to connect to the Internet at the maximum possible speed, you will need an ISDN terminal adapter.

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Tutorial how to create a Responsive Menu

In this tutorial, I'm going to show you how to create one of the responsive menus from our website. You can find the menu here. So, the final result will look like this:

Creating a Responsive Menu

The Markup

We're going to start with the HTML code. Our menus use nested unordered lists contained by a div.

<div id='cssmenu'>  
      <li><a href='#'>Home</a></li>
      <li><a href='#'>Products</a>
            <li><a href='#'>Product 1</a>
                  <li><a href='#'>Sub Product</a></li>
                  <li><a href='#'>Sub Product</a></li>
            <li><a href='#'>Product 2</a>
                  <li><a href='#'>Sub Product</a></li>
                  <li><a href='#'>Sub Product</a></li>
      <li><a href='#'>About</a></li>
      <li><a href='#'>Contact</a></li>

The menu uses our jQuery plugin which can be found here. Let's download jQuery and the plugin, then include them:

Now we initialize the plugin. Our plugin has three options: title (which will be the text of the button that toggles the menu on mobile devices), breakpoint (the screen width at which the menu will switch to its mobile mode, the default value being 768) and format (it can take three values and determines what type of menu we'll have on mobile devices). For this menu, the format option will take the value multitoggle, which means each submenu can be opened/closed on its own. The other two values of this option are dropdown (the entire menu, including the submenus, will be opened/closed with a single touch) and select (the menu will be displayed as a select list of mobile devices).


Our menus use LESS for the menu builder, but we want to make this tutorial accessible for everybody, so I'm going to use vanilla CSS this time. I'm also not going to include all the options of the menu in the tutorial, it would just make it unnecessarily long. First, we're going to include a font from Google Fonts and use a stylesheet reset targeting all the elements used by our menu:

@import url(,700);
#cssmenu ul,
#cssmenu ul li,
#cssmenu ul li a,
#cssmenu #menu-button {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  border: 0;
  list-style: none;
  line-height: 1;
  display: block;
  position: relative;
  -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
  -moz-box-sizing: border-box;
  box-sizing: border-box;

We use the stylesheet reset to prevent our menus from conflicting with other CSS from the user's page. Next, the clearfix:

#cssmenu>ul:after {
  content: ".";
  display: block;
  clear: both;
  visibility: hidden;
  line-height: 0;
  height: 0;

We don't need the button which toggles the menu on mobile devices, so we're going to hide it for now:

#cssmenu #menu-button {
  display: none;

The menu font and background color:

#cssmenu {
  font-family: Montserrat, sans-serif;
  background: #333333;

We need the menu items on the same line, so we'll float them to the left:

#cssmenu>ul>li {
  float: left;

Next, we'll style the main links (padding, typography, and transitions):

#cssmenu>ul>li>a {
  padding: 17px;
  font-size: 12px;
  letter-spacing: 1px;
  text-decoration: none;
  color: #dddddd;
  font-weight: 700;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  -webkit-transition: color .25s ease;
  -moz-transition: color .25s ease;
  transition: color .25s ease;

The links change their color on hover, going from a light gray to white:

#cssmenu>ul>li:hover>a {
  color: #ffffff;

The links which have submenus need extra space to the right of the submenu indicator. The list items which contain those links have a class called has-sub which is added by the jQuery plugin but can also by added by the menu builder.

#cssmenu>ul>li.has-sub>a {
  padding-right: 30px;

At this point, the menu should look like this:

Creating a Responsive Menu

Now let's create the submenu indicator, which will be a "+" symbol. On hover, the submenu will be displayed and the indicator will become a horizontal line/a single dash. We'll create the horizontal line first with an after pseudoelement. The line will be 8px wide and 2px high and must have the same color as the links.

#cssmenu ul>li.has-sub>a:after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 22px;
  right: 11px;
  width: 8px;
  height: 2px;
  display: block;
  background: #dddddd;
  content: '';
  -webkit-transition: background .25s ease;
  -moz-transition: background .25s ease;
  transition: background .25s ease;

Creating a Responsive Menu

On hover, the line changes its color just like the menu links:

#cssmenu>ul>li.has-sub>a:hover:after {
  background: #ffffff;

The vertical line is next. We'll use a before pseudoelement this time:

#cssmenu ul>li.has-sub>a:before {
  position: absolute;
  top: 19px;
  right: 14px;
  display: block;
  width: 2px;
  height: 8px;
  background: #dddddd;
  content: '';
  -webkit-transition: all .25s ease;
  -moz-transition: all .25s ease;
  -ms-transition: all .25s ease;
  -o-transition: all .25s ease;
  transition: all .25s ease;

Creating a Responsive Menu

On hover, the vertical line will disappear. We'll do that by making its height 0. We'll also modify its vertical position to create a nice effect.

#cssmenu ul>li.has-sub:hover>a:before,
#cssmenu ul>li.has-sub>a:hover:before {
  top: 23px;
  height: 0;

The main menu is finished, it's time to move on to the submenus. They should be hidden by default:

#cssmenu ul ul {
  position: absolute;
  left: -9999px;

They will be displayed on hover:

#cssmenu li:hover>ul {
  left: auto;

The second level submenus will be displayed to the right of their parent. We'll use margin-left to push them to the right:

#cssmenu ul ul ul {
  margin-left: 100%;
  top: 0;

Now we're going to give the submenus a nice expanding effect when they are displayed. First, we give the height 0 to the list elements of the submenus. Then we use CSS transitions and bring them to their normal height, which is 35px.

#cssmenu ul ul li {
  height: 0;
  -webkit-transition: height .25s ease;
  -moz-transition: height .25s ease;
  transition: height .25s ease;

#cssmenu li:hover>ul>li {
  height: 35px;

The submenu links are not styled yet, so let's do that. Smaller font size and height than the main links, the same background and text color and a semi-opaque gray bottom-border. We're using this semi-opaque medium gray because this looks good and consistent regardless of the background color you choose in the menu builder.

#cssmenu ul ul li a {
  width: 170px;
  padding: 11px 15px;
  border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(150, 150, 150, 0.15);
  font-size: 12px;
  text-decoration: none;
  color: #dddddd;
  font-weight: 400;
  background: #333333;

On hover, the submenu links will change their text color just like the main links. Also, the last submenu link doesn't need the bottom-border.

#cssmenu ul ul li:last-child>a,
#cssmenu ul ul li.last-item>a {
  border-bottom: 0;

#cssmenu ul ul li:hover>a,
#cssmenu ul ul li a:hover {
  color: #ffffff;

The submenus look pretty good now:

Creating a Responsive Menu

As you can see, submenu links can also have submenu indicators which they inherited from the main links, but they are not positioned correctly. They also don't change their color on hover. You're probably wondering why they didn't inherit the hover color change from the main links. That's because in our menu builder the main links and the submenu links can have different colors and hover colors, so we have to make sure the indicators match each one of those colors.

#cssmenu ul ul li.has-sub>a:after {
  top: 16px;
  right: 11px;
  background: #dddddd;

#cssmenu ul ul>li.has-sub:hover>a:after,
#cssmenu ul ul>li.has-sub>a:hover:after {
  background: #ffffff;

#cssmenu ul ul li.has-sub>a:before {
  top: 13px;
  right: 14px;
  background: #dddddd;

#cssmenu ul ul>li.has-sub:hover>a:before {
  top: 17px;
  height: 0;

Creating a Responsive Menu

The design and functionality for big screens are finished, now we'll focus on the mobile design. The menus made to work with our jQuery plugin don't use media-queries. On mobile devices, the plugin adds a small-screen class to the cssmenu div, so we're going to use that class to style the menu.

First, we need to make the entire menu fluid by giving them 100% width. Also, we'll switch from a horizontal menu to a vertical one by removing the floats and we'll remove the hover displaying and effects.

#cssmenu.small-screen {
  width: 100%;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul {
  width: 100%;
  display: none;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul li {
  width: 100%;
  border-top: 1px solid rgba(120, 120, 120, 0.2);

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul li,
#cssmenu.small-screen li:hover>ul>li {
  height: auto;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul li a,
#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul li a {
  width: 100%;
  border-bottom: 0;

#cssmenu.small-screen>ul>li {
  float: none;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul,
#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul ul {
  position: relative;
  left: 0;
  width: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  text-align: left;

If you resize your window, you can't see anything at the moment, because the button which toggles the menu is hidden. We'll display and style the button in a moment, but until then we'll add some indentation for the submenu links and hide the submenu indicators.

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul li a {
  padding-left: 25px;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul ul li a {
  padding-left: 35px;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul>li.has-sub>a:after,
#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul>li.has-sub>a:before {
  display: none;

Now let's style the menu button. We'll use the same padding and typography as the menu links:

#cssmenu.small-screen #menu-button {
  display: block;
  padding: 17px;
  color: #dddddd;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-size: 12px;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  font-weight: 700;

If you resize the window to be smaller than 768px or you test the menu on a mobile device, you can now open and close the menu. The submenus are still inaccessible because they will have their own toggle buttons. The menu button needs an icon and we're going to use the so-called 'burger icon'. We're going to create it using two pseudoelements. The after pseudoelement will display two horizontal lines of the icon using borders and the before pseudoelement will display the third horizontal line.

#cssmenu.small-screen #menu-button:after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 22px;
  right: 17px;
  display: block;
  height: 4px;
  width: 20px;
  border-top: 2px solid #dddddd;
  border-bottom: 2px solid #dddddd;
  content: '';

#cssmenu.small-screen #menu-button:before {
  position: absolute;
  top: 16px;
  right: 17px;
  display: block;
  height: 2px;
  width: 20px;
  background: #dddddd;
  content: '';

The menu button looks like this now:

Creating a Responsive Menu

When the menu is opened, the menu button gets a class called menu-opened. We'll use that class to change the menu icon into an 'x' symbol. We'll use the same pseudoelement, but this time we'll remove the borders of the after, using just its body, then we're going to rotate both of them to 45 degrees in opposite directions and position them to form the symbol.

#cssmenu.small-screen {
  top: 23px;
  border: 0;
  height: 2px;
  width: 15px;
  background: #ffffff;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(45deg);
  transform: rotate(45deg);

#cssmenu.small-screen {
  top: 23px;
  background: #ffffff;
  width: 15px;
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -moz-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -o-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  transform: rotate(-45deg);

When the menu is opened, the menu button will look like this:

Creating a Responsive Menu

The jQuery plugin adds a span element with the submenu-button class for each submenu. These will allow the submenu to be displayed/hidden when they are clicked. They are displayed on the right side of each parent link. Also, if the parent link is already a submenu link and indicates a second level submenu, the submenu button will be smaller.

#cssmenu.small-screen .submenu-button {
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 99;
  right: 0;
  top: 0;
  display: block;
  border-left: 1px solid rgba(120, 120, 120, 0.2);
  height: 46px;
  width: 46px;
  cursor: pointer;

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul .submenu-button {
  height: 34px;
  width: 34px;

When the submenu is opened, the plugin adds a submenu-opened class to the span. We'll use it to change the background of the span:

#cssmenu.small-screen .submenu-button.submenu-opened {
  background: #262626;

Now we'll add icons to the submenu buttons. We're going to use the same symbol as the submenu indicator in the desktop menu version:

#cssmenu.small-screen .submenu-button:after {
  position: absolute;
  top: 22px;
  right: 19px;
  width: 8px;
  height: 2px;
  display: block;
  background: #dddddd;
  content: '';

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul .submenu-button:after {
  top: 15px;
  right: 13px;

#cssmenu.small-screen .submenu-button.submenu-opened:after {
  background: #ffffff;

#cssmenu.small-screen .submenu-button:before {
  position: absolute;
  top: 19px;
  right: 22px;
  display: block;
  width: 2px;
  height: 8px;
  background: #dddddd;
  content: '';

#cssmenu.small-screen ul ul .submenu-button:before {
  top: 12px;
  right: 16px;

#cssmenu.small-screen .submenu-button.submenu-opened:before {
  display: none;

Creating a Responsive Menu

The menu is now complete! I hope you enjoyed the tutorial and learned some new things!

SEO Articles

How Pakistanis are making lacs of rupess from ‘simple’ way of doing business on Amazon

“After doing engineering, I got a job in a pharmaceutical company. I used to ask myself if this was my future.”

This is according to Abdullah Tariq from Lahore who is currently working as a seller and service provider in Amazon, the world’s leading e-commerce website.

At the same time, Abdullah is setting up his own service provider agency to encourage and train others like him to take advantage of existing business opportunities in the e-commerce industry instead of working in private or government agencies.

What Abdullah said about his tenure is not an old story, but only a few months ago.

Last year, when the global corona virus epidemic in Pakistan, like the rest of the world, had been affecting the economy for two years in a row, they came to know about Amazon while searching for an online business or job.

Abdullah Tariq is currently working as a seller and service provider on Amazon, a leading e-commerce website around the world.

“Some time ago, I suffered a significant loss in my business endeavors through the Internet,” he says. I used to sell shirts, cups and other items online that people could print pictures or text of their choice. My grip on product development was strong, but the choice of a courier company to deliver these items to the customer led to the demise of this business.

Abdullah says that in June last year, he learned about Brackley Learning, which was offering free business courses on Amazon.

“I did that course, created my own account on Amazon which required up to Rs 100,000. I quit my job then. I started driving taxis online at night, which helped me with household expenses, as well as focusing on Amazon.

Kainat Omar, a resident of Islamabad, is a mother of three who, like Abdullah, is running a successful business through Amazon.

“My mother was a teacher and she wanted me to be a doctor or a teacher, but I had no interest in either,” says Kainat. I chose technology, did software engineering, then did a networking course with project management. After that I got a job and continued my education. She was doing MS when I got married.

“After the marriage, when the children started, life started revolving around them. When the children started going to school, I started trying to work,” she says. I started a clothing business, then started another business but sometimes suppliers and sometimes some other problem kept coming and I had to stop working, all these jobs were home based, but there was a significant financial loss.

, Photo caption
Kainat Omar: ‘If so many people can do this successfully, why can’t I?’

How is business possible through Amazon in Pakistan?
An organization in Lahore called Brackley Learning is providing business training to the public on Amazon. It was founded by Usman Akhtar about eight months ago. Abdullah and Kainat are also running their business and agency today after being trained by them.

Usman explains that the safest business model on Amazon while living in Pakistan is to buy the items already for sale there and sell them to the buyer on the same website. Give the product seller the buyer’s address for delivery and receive the price from the buyer with your profit. In this model you do not even have to stock the product and it is called drop shipping.

Also read

How did the company of two Pakistani brothers join Amazon’s top sellers list?

Pakistani freelancers earning thousands of dollars sitting at home

Learning computer coding will ‘change your life’

Making Money Online Even Without Expensive Degrees!

Kainat Omar describes this work-learning journey as follows: “My initial knowledge of trying to find out about Amazon on the Internet was that drop-shipping can be risky and risky. After fearing drop shipping in two large online groups, when I considered other options, I realized that it would take thousands of dollars to get started, which I did not have.

She says she was about to turn away when she learned of a new Amazon group called Brackley. Where a free training course was being offered to understand the drop shipping model. ‘Obviously it was free, why not?’

The Brakeley company officials not only explained to us in that free training course but also showed us their active drop shipping accounts on Amazon which performed very well. The only thing that came to my mind was, if so many people can do it successfully, why can’t I? ‘

Kainat says that this question gave them the direction to move forward in it.

“I joined Brackley’s first boot camp after the training course, creating an account on Amazon while continuing my learning process. Launched services for the UK and US, the journey began in June last year and I am now providing drop shipping as well as Amazon account reset services.

Of course, that’s why when the BBC first contacted Kainat Omar, he said, “I used to raise children and now I’m running my own business.”

What is the educational qualification or standard for this job?
Usman Akhtar says: “Working as a business or service provider on Amazon requires a basic knowledge of English so that you can understand the correct information about the product, better communicate with sellers and customers. Other than that, no educational certificate is required.

Usman says the key to working effectively on Amazon is a commitment to work. The more time the service provider spends actively on this task, the greater the chances of success.

“At Brackley, we’re focusing on raising public awareness about Amazon,” he said. In this regard, we have put a lot of content on social media platforms to help the public.

According to him, scholarships have also been started by Brackley in January this year. The scholarship program can benefit widows, poor students, children of martyrs and people belonging to the disadvantaged sections of the society. We have provided scholarships worth over Rs 10 million to the public till mid-February last year.

The tendency to prioritize business over employment
, Photo caption
Usman Akhtar: ‘To work as a business or service provider on Amazon, you need to have a basic knowledge of English so that you can understand the correct information about the product.’

According to the head of Brackley Learning, in the eight months since its inception, it has trained nearly a thousand people across the country to work on Amazon, including not only drop shipping but also account management, accounts. Includes a number of services such as resettlement.

They claim that only 5% of the trainees have not been able to do this due to some personal problem and the remaining 95% have turned to business.

Kainat says she finds it difficult to work outside the home and does not consider herself able to work under the influence or responsibility of anyone. That’s why you should always keep an eye on your work.

“There are many aspects of happiness in this whole process,” she says. Can not be done.’

According to Abdullah Tariq, in societies like Pakistan, even after going to school, college and then university, the purpose of all this education is considered to be to get a better job. The better the education, the better the hard work, the better the job opportunities in the company or organization. This is what we are taught from childhood to adolescence and from home to university. No one says that after so much education business can be good or no educational institution prepares us to do good business.

“It’s a continuation of the idea of ​​getting a job and a better job,” says Abdullah. Our generations are continuing this trend. This will continue as long as we do not give up our comfortable environment and dare for ourselves.

SEO Articles

Daily wage laborer who made millions from YouTube making food videos

Ask Manda was a daily wage labourer who used YouTube in the aftermath of the Corona epidemic to make his living. Now he has become a social media star and earns millions of rupees.

Sandeep Sahu reports that when Manda posted his first video on YouTube in March 2020, he was facing a dilemma.

A nationwide lockdown to curb the Corona epidemic had shut down India’s construction sector, which also paid Manda.

It was difficult for Manda and other day laborers like him to make ends meet.

That’s when he came up with a unique idea.

Her children were watching cartoons on YouTube when they found out through an advertisement how people are making money by posting videos on YouTube.

He thought why not try it too, after all there is no harm in it. So he got information from YouTube and started working with cooking videos.

In the first video, Manda can be seen sitting with a plate full of rice, lentils, tomatoes and green peppers. He ate the plate quietly after welcoming his audience. But the results of this video were contrary to their expectations.

“No one watched my videos for a week,” he says. My heart is broken. ‘
Her family members are also often seen in her videos

But he did not give up and decided to try again. Now they turn to YouTube for help and see how many people spread their videos through other social media platforms.

“I opened my Facebook account and shared my videos there,” he said. This method worked and 10 to 12 people watched my videos.

In a short time, a video made by him went viral in which the famous rice dish of Orissa was shown.

“After this video, 20,000 users came to my YouTube channel in one day. These people came from all over the world, the United States, Brazil, Mongolia.

After this encouraging development, he did not look back.

Two years later, his channel, Manda Eats (Manda’s Food), has 80,000 subscribers and his videos have been viewed 100 million times.

Now they too look comfortable in front of the camera’s eye and sometimes they are seen partying in the village and sometimes looking for mushrooms with their family.

Last year, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised Manda in his monthly radio show, saying “he made his mark on the internet with a combination of culture and food.”

“As soon as I reached the moon, the number of subscribers to my channel increased,” says Manda.

Conquered YouTube with the help of YouTube
Manda’s videos fall into a category where people eat and interact with the audience.

The series began in 2010 in South Korea and Japan and then gradually spread around the world. These channels called ‘McBang’ are now watched by millions of people, including India’s Mediates.

Fans of these videos say that if they are eating alone, they would love to post videos that reduce their loneliness.

But Manda was completely unaware of this philosophy when he started it. He just looked at the different categories of videos and then decided that he would make food videos because he could cook with the help of his wife.

“I thought viewers might be interested in how our lives and food are,” he says.

In all this work, his teacher and guide was YouTube, from where he learned which camera to take, how to make a video, even the cooking techniques he got from YouTube.

To start this work, he set aside 3,000 rupees from his savings, which was a huge amount for him, and bought a smartphone to make videos.

Manda did not finish his studies and could speak very little English. But they learned to email themselves and use social media to expand their channel.

They also learned to put subtitles on their videos with the help of Google Translate (translation app) and improved their work over time.

Also read

Pakistani youth earning millions in ‘simple’ way of doing business on Amazon

‘Kyu’s Billionaire Prince’: Pakistani boy who became Ukraine’s ‘Steel King’

How did the company of two Pakistani brothers join Amazon’s top sellers list?

Rabia from Khairpur who made her home with the income from YouTube

When they made the first video, they could just be seen eating their food at once. In the video, he says in Hindi, “Hello friends, I’m eating the food on this plate.” He then explained what was on the plate and then ate.

But if you look at the videos on their channel now, the difference is obvious. The content of the February 2022 videos is very different. Now they don’t make videos of every meal or every day but choose special times like a village feast.

Indian citizens everywhere watch their videos and comment on them, in which they even compare their food with the food of their homes.

Many people admire the simplicity and texture of their lives. One user commented, “It’s a lot of fun at their community party.” Another user wrote, “They really know what food is worth and how to respect it.”

Over time, Manda’s fame spread. From their favorite homemade dishes, they now make a variety of dishes on the orders of their channel users. North Indian potato pratha and Chao Man’s Indian recipe are also included in his videos.

Isaac shaved
There are also food challenges in these videos. In a rice challenge, he cooked rice on a fire in the ground and then sat down to eat with his family.

“We eat plain food every day,” he says, although now they can eat more meat than before.

The future of children
Manda earned two and a half hundred rupees a day when he worked as a laborer and worked 18 to 20 days a month. This amount was not enough to support a family of six besides their parents.

Now they have no such problem. As his channel grew in popularity, so did his earnings.

Also read

How Can Pakistani Users Make Money On The Internet?

Making Money Online Even Without Expensive Degrees!

Pakistani freelancers earning thousands of dollars sitting at home

E-Commerce: How Can You Do Your Business On The Internet?

In the days when his channel became very popular, he was earning up to Rs. 300,000 per month. But if the number of viewers of the videos ever decreases, then the revenue also decreases.

Nowadays, they earn an average of Rs 60,000 to Rs 70,000 a month.

With this income, he has built a two-storey concrete house in place of his old hut at a cost of about two lakh rupees.

Not only that, they have also saved money for their children’s education and bought a used car. Now they also use a laptop for video editing.

Manda has become a household name in the area and occasionally hosts lavish feasts for the villagers, including a chicken dish.

Now their next dream is to enroll their children in an English school.

“I want them to get the best education possible. If I can do all this with a little education, I am sure that after getting higher education they will be able to do a lot better.

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Akcent flies off to Hunza to promote Pakistan’s tourism

Akcent frontman Adrian Sina is taking a trip to the northern areas of Pakistan!

The singer, who announced that he will be taking a tour to Hunza last month, is finally all set to begin his trip.

Turning to his Instagram on Monday, the 44-year-old musician shared a video of himself boarding on a plane to the city.

“My trip to Hunza starts right now. Let’s go!” says the singer in his uplifting video.

“Off to Hunza to promote tourism in Pakistan,” Sina captioned alongside his post.

Take a look:

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Expired .pk Domains List

Following is a list of domains expired with .pk regisry

If you owned any of the domains above and did not renew it, you may get your domain back as well as your website if available. Please contact us at or call 03212424778

PK Domains Expired on September 28 2020

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PK Domains Expired on February 28 2019

PK Domains Expired on April 12 2018

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PK Domains Expired on April 5 2018

PK Domains Expired on March 31 2018

High-potential Expired Domains Released February 15 2018

High-potential Expired Domains Released January 15 2018

High-potential Expired Domains Released October 25 2017

High-potential Expired Domains Released October 9 2017

New Ideas

MAJOR red flags which can potentially make your investors run-away

For the past 4 years, we have been working with various startups and helping them raise funds.
I won’t say that all of them are success stories – that will be something far from the truth. But even “not so successful” experiences have taught me some valuable lessons.

Based on my experience, there are few MAJOR red flags which can potentially make your investors run-away from your business
Incorrect Founding Team Composition – Onboard co-founders and save salaries & consultancy expense. Investors are turned off seeing that your team is incomplete! (You may also subtly convey that you lack leadership skills! Opps)

Having Excessive Baggage – Having complicated Cap structure, founders agreement, debt may put off the deal. Come clean and win clean!

Raising money to survive not thrive – Are you raising money just to survive for next few months – If so, your investors can easily tell! No way around it!!

Crazy founder salaries – If your investor sees that more than 10-15% (varies) is going towards payment of founder salaries – they are OUT

Lack of Founder Focus – Investors need to be certain that you’d be fully committed and focused on the business for which you’re taking their money! If anything else – they might pull out the plug!

Hopefully, this will provide you with some value and be well ready the to face your investors next time!!

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Inspirational quotes for every occasion

Quote No. 1. Life is about making an impact, not making an income. –Kevin Kruse

Quote No. 2. Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve. –Napoleon Hill

Quote No. 3. Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value. –Albert Einstein

Quote No. 4. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. –Robert Frost

Quote No. 5. I attribute my success to this: I never gave or took any excuse. –Florence Nightingale

Quote No. 6. You miss 100% of the shots you don’t take. –Wayne Gretzky

Quote No. 7. I’ve missed more than 9000 shots in my career. I’ve lost almost 300 games. 26 times I’ve been trusted to take the game winning shot and missed. I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed. –Michael Jordan

Quote No. 8. The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity. –Amelia Earhart

Quote No. 9. Every strike brings me closer to the next home run. –Babe Ruth

Quote No. 10. Definiteness of purpose is the starting point of all achievement. –W. Clement Stone

Quote No. 11. Life isn’t about getting and having, it’s about giving and being. –Kevin Kruse

Quote No. 12. Life is what happens to you while you’re busy making other plans. –John Lennon

Quote No. 13. We become what we think about. –Earl Nightingale

Quote No. 14.Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn’t do than by the ones you did do, so throw off the bowlines, sail away from safe harbor, catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore, Dream, Discover. –Mark Twain

Quote No. 15.Life is 10% what happens to me and 90% of how I react to it. –Charles Swindoll

Quote No. 16. The most common way people give up their power is by thinking they don’t have any. –Alice Walker

Quote No. 17. The mind is everything. What you think you become. –Buddha

Quote No. 18. The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now. –Chinese Proverb

Quote No. 19. An unexamined life is not worth living. –Socrates

Quote No. 20. Eighty percent of success is showing up. –Woody Allen

Quote No. 21. Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. –Steve Jobs

Quote No. 22. Winning isn’t everything, but wanting to win is. –Vince Lombardi

Quote No. 23. I am not a product of my circumstances. I am a product of my decisions. –Stephen Covey

Quote No. 24. Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up. –Pablo Picasso

Quote No. 25. You can never cross the ocean until you have the courage to lose sight of the shore. –Christopher Columbus

Quote No. 26. I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel. –Maya Angelou

Quote No. 27. Either you run the day, or the day runs you. –Jim Rohn

Quote No. 28. Whether you think you can or you think you can’t, you’re right. –Henry Ford

Quote No. 29. The two most important days in your life are the day you are born and the day you find out why. –Mark Twain

Quote No. 30. Whatever you can do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power and magic in it. –Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Quote No. 31. The best revenge is massive success. –Frank Sinatra

Quote No. 32. People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing. That’s why we recommend it daily. –Zig Ziglar

Quote No. 33. Life shrinks or expands in proportion to one’s courage. –Anais Nin

Quote No. 34. If you hear a voice within you say “you cannot paint,” then by all means paint and that voice will be silenced. –Vincent Van Gogh

Quote No. 35. There is only one way to avoid criticism: do nothing, say nothing, and be nothing. –Aristotle

Quote No. 36. Ask and it will be given to you; search, and you will find; knock and the door will be opened for you. –Jesus

Quote No. 37. The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be. –Ralph Waldo Emerson

Quote No. 38. Go confidently in the direction of your dreams. Live the life you have imagined. –Henry David Thoreau

Quote No. 39. When I stand before God at the end of my life, I would hope that I would not have a single bit of talent left and could say, I used everything you gave me. –Erma Bombeck

Quote No. 40. Few things can help an individual more than to place responsibility on him, and to let him know that you trust him. –Booker T. Washington

Quote No. 41. Certain things catch your eye, but pursue only those that capture the heart. – Ancient Indian Proverb

Quote No. 42. Believe you can and you’re halfway there. –Theodore Roosevelt

Quote No. 43. Everything you’ve ever wanted is on the other side of fear. –George Addair

Quote No. 44. We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light. –Plato

Quote No. 45. Teach thy tongue to say, “I do not know,” and thous shalt progress. –Maimonides

Quote No. 46. Start where you are. Use what you have. Do what you can. –Arthur Ashe

Quote No. 47. When I was 5 years old, my mother always told me that happiness was the key to life. When I went to school, they asked me what I wanted to be when I grew up. I wrote down ‘happy’. They told me I didn’t understand the assignment, and I told them they didn’t understand life. –John Lennon

Quote No. 48. Fall seven times and stand up eight. –Japanese Proverb

Quote No. 49. When one door of happiness closes, another opens, but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one that has been opened for us. –Helen Keller

Quote No. 50. Everything has beauty, but not everyone can see. –Confucius

Quote No. 51. How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world. –Anne Frank

Quote No. 52. When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be. –Lao Tzu

Quote No. 53. Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. –Maya Angelou

Quote No. 54. Happiness is not something readymade. It comes from your own actions. –Dalai Lama

Quote No. 55. If you’re offered a seat on a rocket ship, don’t ask what seat! Just get on. –Sheryl Sandberg

Quote No. 56. First, have a definite, clear practical ideal; a goal, an objective. Second, have the necessary means to achieve your ends; wisdom, money, materials, and methods. Third, adjust all your means to that end. –Aristotle

Quote No. 57. If the wind will not serve, take to the oars. –Latin Proverb

Quote No. 58. You can’t fall if you don’t climb. But there’s no joy in living your whole life on the ground. –Unknown

Quote No. 59. We must believe that we are gifted for something, and that this thing, at whatever cost, must be attained. –Marie Curie

Quote No. 60. Too many of us are not living our dreams because we are living our fears. –Les Brown

Quote No. 61. Challenges are what make life interesting and overcoming them is what makes life meaningful. –Joshua J. Marine

Quote No. 62. If you want to lift yourself up, lift up someone else. –Booker T. Washington

Quote No. 63. I have been impressed with the urgency of doing. Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Being willing is not enough; we must do. –Leonardo da Vinci

Quote No. 64. Limitations live only in our minds. But if we use our imaginations, our possibilities become limitless. –Jamie Paolinetti

Quote No. 65. You take your life in your own hands, and what happens? A terrible thing, no one to blame. –Erica Jong

Quote No. 66. What’s money? A man is a success if he gets up in the morning and goes to bed at night and in between does what he wants to do. –Bob Dylan

Quote No. 67. I didn’t fail the test. I just found 100 ways to do it wrong. –Benjamin Franklin

Quote No. 68. In order to succeed, your desire for success should be greater than your fear of failure. –Bill Cosby

Quote No. 69. A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new. – Albert Einstein

Quote No. 70. The person who says it cannot be done should not interrupt the person who is doing it. –Chinese Proverb

Quote No. 71. There are no traffic jams along the extra mile. –Roger Staubach

Quote No. 72. It is never too late to be what you might have been. –George Eliot

Quote No. 73. You become what you believe. –Oprah Winfrey

Quote No. 74. I would rather die of passion than of boredom. –Vincent van Gogh

Quote No. 75. A truly rich man is one whose children run into his arms when his hands are empty. –Unknown

Quote No. 76. It is not what you do for your children, but what you have taught them to do for themselves, that will make them successful human beings. –Ann Landers

Quote No. 77. If you want your children to turn out well, spend twice as much time with them, and half as much money. –Abigail Van Buren

Quote No. 78. Build your own dreams, or someone else will hire you to build theirs. –Farrah Gray

Quote No. 79. The battles that count aren’t the ones for gold medals. The struggles within yourself–the invisible battles inside all of us–that’s where it’s at. –Jesse Owens

Quote No. 80. Education costs money. But then so does ignorance. –Sir Claus Moser

Quote No. 81. I have learned over the years that when one’s mind is made up, this diminishes fear. –Rosa Parks

Quote No. 82. It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop. –Confucius

Quote No. 83. If you look at what you have in life, you’ll always have more. If you look at what you don’t have in life, you’ll never have enough. –Oprah Winfrey

Quote No. 84. Remember that not getting what you want is sometimes a wonderful stroke of luck. –Dalai Lama

Quote No. 85. You can’t use up creativity. The more you use, the more you have. –Maya Angelou

Quote No. 86. Dream big and dare to fail. –Norman Vaughan

Quote No. 87. Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. –Martin Luther King Jr.

Quote No. 88. Do what you can, where you are, with what you have. –Teddy Roosevelt

Quote No. 89. If you do what you’ve always done, you’ll get what you’ve always gotten. –Tony Robbins

Quote No. 90. Dreaming, after all, is a form of planning. –Gloria Steinem

Quote No. 91. It’s your place in the world; it’s your life. Go on and do all you can with it, and make it the life you want to live. –Mae Jemison

Quote No. 92. You may be disappointed if you fail, but you are doomed if you don’t try. –Beverly Sills

Quote No. 93. Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent. –Eleanor Roosevelt

Quote No. 94. Life is what we make it, always has been, always will be. –Grandma Moses

Quote No. 95. The question isn’t who is going to let me; it’s who is going to stop me. –Ayn Rand

Quote No. 96. When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. –Henry Ford

Quote No. 97. It’s not the years in your life that count. It’s the life in your years. –Abraham Lincoln

Quote No. 98. Change your thoughts and you change your world. –Norman Vincent Peale

Quote No. 99. Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing. –Benjamin Franklin

Quote No. 100. Nothing is impossible, the word itself says, “I’m possible!” –Audrey Hepburn

Quote No. 101. The only way to do great work is to love what you do. –Steve Jobs

Quote No. 102. If you can dream it, you can achieve it. –Zig Ziglar

New Ideas

Selling to close friends and family

Jack Ma once said, ‘When Selling to close friends and family, no matter how much you’re selling to them, they will always feel you’re earning their money, no matter how cheap you sell to them, they still wouldn’t appreciate it.’

There will always be people who do not care about your Costs, Time, Effort, they rather let other people cheat them, allowing others to earn, then supporting someone they know. Cause in their heart, they will always be thinking, ‘How much did he earn from me?’ instead of “How much did he SAVE/MAKE for me?”

This is a classic example of a poor person’s mentality!

Jack Ma on Sales: ‘When doing Sales, the first people who will trust you will be Strangers, Friends will be shielding against you, fair-weather friends will distance from you. Family will look down upon you.’

The day you finally succeed, paying the bill for every get-together dinner, entertainment, you will realised: Everyone else is present except the Strangers.

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Apple moves Mac to Arm, Should Mac users to move to Windows?

OK, let’s get the rules of engagement out of the way. I posted that I was working on this topic to Facebook and that posting blossomed into 137 replies and some fascinating in-depth discussions. Here’s a link to that thread, which most of you should be able to read. If you comment, please be polite and constructive.

Also, please note: The following article aims to be a tactical analysis that explores technology adoption alternatives. It’s not meant to be a religious screed. I use Macs, Windows machines, and Linux pretty much on a daily basis. Your preferences and your mileage may vary. I’m not saying you have to make a change. I’m simply exploring the question of whether a change is in order, and why that might be.

Keep in mind that any major architectural shift in technology presents an opportunity to explore alternatives. I’m going to take a look at whether now is the time to make a change, and why that might be.

Finally, I want to point you to a hyperbole-free, zero-snark and comprehensive look at why you might want to choose each of the big three operating systems.

Within the next year or so, some of us will start thinking about buying new machines to replace our current ones.

This is not a new phenomenon. Every year, Apple releases a new version of MacOS and every year, some machines are left behind. Those machines will not be able to upgrade to the new OS release and, eventually, will become vulnerable to security issues and no longer able to run certain applications.

In my case, 80% of my Mac fleet have just been obsoleted by Big Sur. All of them were 2013 and older models. None of them will run the upcoming new MacOS release without being hacked a bit.

In my case, I always wait six months to a year before upgrading operating systems. Only two of my current Macs have been updated to Mojave and I’ll probably wait even longer to upgrade the rest. But there is a limit to how long I can wait. As I showed a few years ago, when the apps you rely on no longer function on the OS version you’re running, time’s up. You have to upgrade.

So, while many of us don’t need to consider replacing hardware this week, it is an inevitability. I can probably keep running my fleet of newly obsolete Macs well into 2021, but by 2022, I will have to replace them.

And that begs the question: Replace them with what?

When hardware needs to be replaced, it becomes a natural time to consider alternatives. That, in turn, opens the door to the question of upgrading — not to a Mac, but to Windows.

My Facebook correspondents had a lot to say on this topic, but for now I’ll mention one issue: cost. It will be damned expensive replacing all those Macs, even with Windows machines. It’ll be doubly-damned expensive replacing them with new Macs.

In a down economy facing the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, cost is a factor.

Okay, let’s move on.
Ecosystem-wide obsolescence

Beyond the year-by-year obsolescence that comes when operating systems no longer support the underlying hardware, the entire installed base of Macs will become obsolete within 2-5 years. There will come a time, probably in 2024 or 2025, but possibly as early as 2023, when Intel Macs will no longer get operating system updates.

At that time, owners of Intel-based Macs will face the same question I mentioned above: Replace them with what?

As with year-by-year obsolescence, cost will be an issue. The Mac mini I bought in 2018 was a bit over $2,000. While I wouldn’t be able to get exactly the same features in a PC, I did price out a roughly equivalent PC and it came to about half the price.

So, here’s where I’ll leave this part of the discussion. Within the next three to four years, all Mac users will have to face the decision of whether to upgrade their hardware with new Macs, or with non-Apple PCs.
The Linux question

Before I move on, I’ll need to address the Linux elephant in the room. When I posted the title of this article on Facebook, a not-even-slightly-surprising firestorm erupted around whether Linux makes a good-as or better desktop than Windows or Mac.

Technology editors Christine Hall and Scott Mace had an interesting back-and-forth about the Linux desktop. Christine opened with, “Why squander a perfectly good opportunity to finally make the move to Linux by making a stop in the Windows world first?”

Scott responded, “Because the Linux desktop UI remains fairly impenetrable, even to Windows and Mac veterans such as myself?”

Christine objected, saying, “Have you tried something like Linux Mint recently? Almost everybody I’ve set up with it finds it easier to use than Windows. And which Linux UI? Gnome is much different than Windows, yes, but KDE, Xfce, and Cinnamon are not much different than the traditional Windows UI. Linux Mint is pretty much plug and play anymore. My HP all-in-one installed itself in Mint in about two minutes time with no input from me.”

I have to agree that Mint is an easy install. Our own Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols has long contended that “Linux Mint is the best desktop – period.”

There is a lot of common ground between Linux and both Macs and Windows. Both MacOS and Linux are derived from a UNIX-like codebase, although Linux was a reimplementation and MacOS is based on BSD. That said, they share a lot of under-the-hood functionality and, for example, if you’re a command-line wiz on the Mac, you’ll immediately know command-line operations on Linux.

But since Linux was built from the ground up to run on off-the-shelf PC hardware, Linux shares its entire hardware base with Windows PCs. Virtually every Windows PC (or PC made from Windows PC components) can run Linux. Linux drivers have improved tremendously. As Steven said in the Facebook thread, “I haven’t had a device driver problem with Linux in the last five years.”

Here at Camp David, I have two old laptops running Mint, and five or six Raspberry Pi single board computers running various specialty versions of Linux, with most of them running Octopi, controlling my 3D printers. But… as much as I truly enjoy Linux, I would never be able to move to it for my desktop use because the applications I rely on — namely Office and Creative Cloud, as well as Final Cut and a wide variety of vertical Mac apps — don’t run on Linux.
What about Windows?

This is going to be a difficult question for many more focused on their pocketbooks than their desktop UIs. I’ve admitted to how frustrated I’ve been with Apple’s upgrade pace — although we now know more about the limits Apple had with Skylake processors that led to their nearly-always-inevitable change in architecture direction.
WWDC 2020

Apple Silicon: Everything you need to know
Will your devices run Apple’s latest?
Meet the new Mac, PC of the future
Will your Apple devices run the new OSs?
What makes new macOS ‘biggest update to design in over a decade’
Apple iPadOS 14 report card: There’s room for improvement
iOS 14: Our favorite features, plus how to test the beta
iOS 14: Rhymes with Android?
Arm-ready MacOS sports iOS look and feel
Apple’s big event had one less thing (and it really hurt)
iPadOS 14 gets new home screen, Pencil improvements, improved Siri
New privacy, security features revealed
What business pros need to know (TechRepublic)

Additionally, the wide variety of innovative PC implementations have often made Mac users jealous. There is no Surface Studio for Mac. There is no touchscreen interface. Beyond the insanely expensive Mac Pro, there is no way to build a big tower filled with components.

We extreme pro users, which are admittedly a very small percentage of Mac buyers, often felt hemmed in by the limited hardware choices offered by Apple. While Hackintoshes seemed like a moderately viable option, it was the vast selection of Windows configurations and options that inspired envy and a bit of jealousy.

But, if all those Intel-based Macs are entering obsolescence, isn’t this a great time for some wish fulfillment? Why not get exactly the PC design and configuration you want, and just run Windows?

After all, after five years on the market, Windows 10 has grown into a quite fine operating system. So, it would seem that as Apple drains the life out of older Intel-based Macs, Windows is a viable substitute. Especially since the machines are considerably less expensive.
But are they? Really?

That depends on whether you price them based on how much it costs to transfer them from the factory to your hot little hands or how long you get to use them once you pony up your pennies. I’ll give you an example.

For most of the 2000s, my primary machines were Windows — Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7. I really liked XP and Windows 7. But beyond the issue of which apps I needed to use (more on that later) was my Windows upgrade cycle.

The pattern went like this: I’d build/buy a new Windows PC with as much power as I could get. I’d spend a month or so getting it configured the way I liked it. I’d love it for about a year or so. By month 15, I’d discover it was just no longer up to the task, or Windows cruft had set in, or drivers broke something critical, or a component failed, or there was some unfixable incompatibility with some component or another. By month 18, it became apparent that if I were to keep turning out my work product on a daily basis, I’d need to buy another PC.

Every 18 months. Rinse. Wash. Repeat.

And these were not cheap Windows machines. The Sager PC I bought in July 2012, for example, cost me $3,000. It had as much memory as I could get, the fastest processor I could get, the fastest media I could get, and it cost a ton. It also failed. Constantly. By month 15, I wanted to fling it out the window.

Now, let’s look at my fleet of Macs. The machine I’m using right now to write this article is a 2013 iMac. Way back in 2016, I wrote about how this iMac broke my 18-month upgrade cycle, and I’m still using it. While it’s not quite powerful enough for multicam 4K editing, it’s great for coding. That’s seven years — and I’m probably going to use it until 2021, so figure eight years, not 18 months.

We’re rocking a 2011 Mac mini and three 2012 Mac minis. These will also probably run through 2021, so we’re looking at a nine or ten year life — not 18 months. My 2015 MacBook Pro not only has all the ports, but it still has spooky-fast storage. That’s a mere five years old. My newest Mac acquisition was a highly-spec’d 2018 Mac mini, purchased in November 2018. That was 19 months ago and far from needing to be refreshed, it still feels as new as the day I got it.

So while Windows machines have more options, are more varied in spec, and are cheaper to buy, I’ve found total cost of ownership to be vastly less expensive with my Macs. A typical Windows PC cost me roughly $1,000 to $1,500 a year to run. This wasn’t a one-off situation. I measured this over the course of about 15 years, and probably 10 main machines.

To be fair, my wife’s been using the same Samsung Ultrabook for seven or eight years now, so if you’re not as power hungry as my work requires me to be, your cost-of-ownership might not be as high.

That said, by dividing cost of purchase with the number of years in service, my nearly-decade-old-and-still-in-active-use Mac minis have cost me $100-$150 a year to run. My MacBook Pro has cost $600 per year to run so far, but by end-of-life that will be down to about $450 per year. My very-expensive-to-purchase iMac will also have cost about $450 per year to run. Even the newest Mac mini, which was purchased 18 months ago and probably has four more years of MacOS upgrades available to it, will cost under $400 per year.

There are many reasons why Macs tend to have fewer “entropy” issues than PCs. but a big part of the reliability issue is the vertical integration of the hardware and software. If you look at a typical PC, you’ll find components designed and built by many different companies, controlled by a motherboard designed by another, running an operating system designed by another. At design time, engineers try to make sure these components will work together, but because Microsoft’s developers never, ever know the exact configuration you’re running, it’s a guessing game. By contrast, MacOS developers always know the configuration you’re running, because it’s only one of a possible ten or so.

On one hand, that’s a huge lack of flexibility that extreme pros tend to chafe under, but it’s also a formula for much more reliable engineering. Add to that the generally higher-quality components due to Apple’s supply chain rigors, and you get a more reliable machine with a longer life.

From a cost perspective, then, it’s hard to say that Windows machines cost less. I have the careful accounting to prove that’s not the case. I’m not alone in that observation. Even IBM determined that Macs have a lower cost of ownership than PCs.

All that is to say that my Intel Macs will have paid for themselves by the time they go to the great parts recycler in the sky. And, it’s likely that the new Apple Silicon-based Macs will offer similar cost and lifecycle benefits.

But that’s nothing compared to…
Apps and the user experience

Here’s where my Facebook correspondents weren’t the slightest bit shy.

Renowned technology editor Esther Schindler says, “I don’t use a Mac (or other equipment) because of the hardware inside the box. I use it because of the user interface. In all these years, for me Windows has always violated the principle of least astonishment. That is, when I don’t know how to do something… using a Mac, my first or second guess is usually right. With Windows, I often spend 15 minutes trying to accomplish it. I truly don’t care what hardware is under the hood. I only care about my UX.”

Our own Jason Perlow posted, “Bottom line is you use the tools that run the apps you need. You shouldn’t make a platform decision based on any other reason. Nobody should be deciding to migrate to anything now; the process of app porting and getting all the new systems changed over to new chips is going to take two years. That’s a long time.” He continued, “I’m not sure why an architecture change necessitates moving to Windows or Linux. It’s still the same UX, and you’re still bound to certain apps in certain verticals.”

That’s the case for me. There’s no way I’m going back to the pain of Adobe Premiere after three years of Final Cut Pro X success. I have a whole bunch of apps I run that don’t exist on any platform other than the Mac.

And, as technology editor Swapnil Bhartiya posted, “People don’t use OSes, they use applications. People stay on any platform due to apps. As much as I use all three, for VR I rely on Windows, Linux is for my servers but everything else is on Mac. I can run Windows apps on… Mac. With macOS I get best of all three worlds (it’s native UNIX so all Linux tools are at my disposal).”

This was my most-compelling benefit beyond cost-of-ownership. I can run Windows, Linux, and MacOS on one machine. As I mentioned last week, I get great performance running Windows in a Parallels VM and the ability to cut and paste (and drag and drop) between Windows and Mac applications is a huge win.

Open source attorney Mike Godwin lays down the law on this, saying “Honestly, I can’t imagine why this would make a difference to anyone, one way or the other. I don’t expect VMWare or Parallels even to slow down. The problem set for virtualization is different now from what it was 10 or 20 years ago.”

We’ll let Jason and Steven sum up the applications-are-king argument.

Steven says, “Getting to the question at hand. I can’t see Mac users moving to Windows. If the apps they use now will be on an Arm Mac, they won’t leave. They’ll have no reason. And, as I’ve said many times before, Microsoft is heading to a Desktop-as-a-Service model as fast as they can. Windows as a standalone OS will only be used by developers, content-creators, gamers, and power-users. The Mac and its users will live on very happily just as they did after the 68x to PowerPC and the PowerPC to Intel architecture migrations. If MacOS looks and works the same, and it has the same apps, Mac users aren’t going anywhere.”

Jason added, “They aren’t moving to Windows or Linux. They will move to another Mac when and if they need to. Mac people keep their systems for a long time and Apple supports OS releases for a long time. They won’t abandon their hardware that quickly.”

That pretty much sums it up. Even though the prospect of buying new, expensive Macs is scary, the total cost of ownership is aggressively less than Windows ownership. Beyond that, Mac users are Mac users for a reason (or, more accurately, many individual reasons). They, like I, will migrate to the new hardware when it becomes necessary.

For most Mac users, the move to Apple Silicon will not only be something of a non-event given Apple’s skill in architecture migrations, most of us will simply move when it’s time to buy a new Mac.

But what about you? Do you have Macs now? Are you expecting to move to Arm or will you consider switching to Windows or Linux? Let us know in the comments below.